Risk factors The following factors may increase your risk of hyponatremia: Treatment[ edit ] The Low sodium of hyponatremia depends on the underlying cause. If the sodium level is corrected too quickly, it may cause central pontine myelinolysis, a condition in which parts of the brain stem are damaged and cause stroke -like symptoms that do not resolve.
Because you lose sodium through sweat, drinking too much water during endurance activities, such as marathons and triathlons, can also dilute the sodium content of your blood.
Avoid Frozen, salted meat or fish. Yogurt light and skim. This amphetamine increases the risk of severe and even fatal cases of hyponatremia. Avoid Processed and hard cheeses American, cheddar, muenster and cheese spreads. Main courses Select meat, poultry, fish, or shellfish choices that include the words Low sodium, baked, grilled, roasted, and without breading.
Hyponatremia occurs in one of two ways: The daily recommendation of sodium is 2, mg per day. Order food a la carte or individually Low sodium get only the foods you want.
The pituitary gland produces and releases vasopressin when the blood volume amount of fluid in the blood vessels or blood pressure goes down or when levels of electrolytes such as sodium become too high.
There may also be too much water in your body. Infection is possible any time the skin is broken. A low-sodium diet means more than eliminating the salt shaker from the table!
In addition, the recreational drug Ecstasy has been linked to fatal cases of hyponatremia. Severe hyponatremia or severe symptoms confusion, convulsions, or coma: Sodium is essential for many body functions including the maintenance of fluid balance, regulation of blood pressureand normal function of the nervous system.
Cell swelling also produces activation of volume-regulated anion channels which is related to the release of taurine and glutamate from astrocytes.
Often, hyponatremia is found incidentally when a patient is being evaluated for another condition. Use the label information on food packages to help you make the best low-sodium selections.
People who drink too much water while taking part in marathons, ultramarathons, triathlons and other long-distance, high-intensity activities are at an increased risk of hyponatremia. Thirst is generally a good guide to how much water or other fluids you need.
If the patient presents in crisis with seizure or coma, the first steps of therapy will be to make certain that the airway is protected; the patient is breathing, and has adequate blood pressure and pulse.
Therefore, emergency care is necessary for patients with altered mental status, confusion, or lethargy or those who have had a seizure or cannot be wakened. Appetizers Request fresh bread and rolls without salty, buttery crusts.
Getting treatment for conditions that contribute to hyponatremia, such as adrenal gland insufficiency, can help prevent low blood sodium. A basic metabolic panel is often part of a routine physical.
The body may have too much, too little, or a normal amount of fluid. Therefore, medical care should be sought when individuals develop altered mental status, confusion, or lethargy; have had a seizure ; or cannot be wakened.
The decreased effective circulating volume stimulates the release of anti-diuretic hormone ADHwhich in turn leads to water retention. You could get dehydrated, and you'll need to drink and pee a lot to get rid of all that excess sodium.
Prolonged exercise and sweating, combined with drinking water without electrolytes is the cause of exercise-associated hyponatremia EAH. Severe hyponatremia can lead to coma and can be fatal. Experiment in the Kitchen Recipe to Try: This system operates as follows: Select frozen meals that contain around mg sodium or less.
Complications In chronic hyponatremia, sodium levels drop gradually over 48 hours or longer — and symptoms and complications are typically more moderate. Sour cream light and skim. Salt can be removed from any recipe except for those containing yeast.
Canned meat or fish. Food labels are standardized by the U.Low Sodium Diet. A main source of sodium is table salt. The average American eats five or more teaspoons of salt each day. This is about 20 times as much as the body needs. Overview. Hyponatremia occurs when the concentration of sodium in your blood is abnormally low.
Sodium is an electrolyte, and it helps regulate the amount of water that's in and around your cells. The essential cookbook for anyone who follows a low-sodium diet (and enjoys throwing dinner parties) Millions of people live with hypertension or chronic kidney disease, and for them, eating a diet low in sodium is a vital part of maintaining good health.
Hyponatremia is the term used when your blood sodium is too low. Learn about symptoms, causes and treatment of this potentially dangerous condition. Hyponatremia or low sodium levels in the blood can result in signs and symptoms like headache, confusion, seizures, weakness, restlessness, and muscle spasms.
Kidney or congestive heart failure, hypothyroidism, cirrhosis, medications, or strenuous exercise without. Hyponatremia occurs because of an imbalance of water and sodium. Most frequently it occurs when excessive water dilutes the amount of sodium in the body or.Download